Lexember 2017 – Nyjichxn #6

I don’t get to garden today. The Santa Ana winds damaged the fence so one of my roommates and the neighbor are fixing it. So instead, ya’ll get updates! Yay!

One of the fun but sometimes frustrating things about translating is that you keep finding situations where what you did before doesn’t work. This is one of them. In previous sentences got the accusative case marker, but it could be replaced by the answer. So, new rule was noted: if can’t be replaced by an object answering the question, it’s unmarked.

Lexeme: sɯa
Gloss: world, planet
Combination Form:
Stress: IPA: Ŋyjichɯn phonetic:
Singular: sɯa sɯa sɯa
Paucal: soosɯ soo ˈsɜːʔ.zɯ soo’zɯ
Plural: sɯasɯ sɯa sɯɜ.ˈzɯ sɯozɯ

Example Usage:

suizɯasɯn sychiyvmowza zɯ
sɯa<uiz>ɯa-sɯn sy<chi-yv>mow-za (stem: syza)
planet<PEJ>planet-ACC origin<1s.SBJ-3s.POBJ>you-origin what
What damn planet are you from?
Phonetic: suisɯazɯŋ sijiyvmoza
IPA: sʊy.ˈsɯa.zɯŋ sy.ˈdʒɪiv.ɱɜ.ˌza

PEJ = pejorative

Singular, Paucal, and Plural

Lexember check-in

I’ve come up with a bunch of words for Nyjichxn because I was on a roll, but I have to do all the fiddly bits before they’re ready to share. It won’t be tomorrow, because I’m going to a thing. Probably won’t be Sunday because I’m going to prune the heck outta the tomatoes and do other gardening crap. But those eight words are coming soon.

Lexember 2017 – Ie, Part 1

Ie was supposed to just be a naming language for use in my Shard-verse stories, but me being me, it’s grown a bit. I’m trying to restrain myself because I don’t need another big project AND I still can’t actually make names in it.

Since it’s a lot simpler than Ŋyjichɯn, being an isolating language, I’ll be doing a bunch at a time. I’ll give the IPA in parentheses.

  • 44b – ornament, decoration (zu˧.χəp˧)
  • 6zu1 – name, title, to call (tʃy˧˩˥.zʊ̜˥)
  • tyōu5 – flower, bloom (thjəʊ̜˧˥)
  • diu1 – keep, possess, hold (tiŭ˥)
  • diu1-wŭĭ7j – writing, to write (tiŭ˥.ɰuyj˩). From diu1 + ŭĭ7j (word)

Lexember 2017 – Nyjichxn #4

Lexeme: vijjoa
Gloss: emotion, feeling, characteristic, attribute

Stress: IPA: Ŋyjichɯn phonetic:
Singular: vijjoa vijjoa vʏ.ˈzɜa vizoa
Paucal: vijjooj vijjoojo vʏ.ˈdʒɜːʔ.dʒɜ vijoo’jo
Plural: vijjojo vijjojo vʏ.ˈdʒa.dʒɜ vijajo

Listen (singular, paucal, plural):

Lexember 2017 – Nyjichxn #3

Lexeme: tywsiɯj
Gloss: cold, fragile, brittle
Stress: tywsiɯj
Phonetic (IPA / Ŋyjichɯn transliteration): ˈɾil.sɪɯdʒ / rylsiɯj
Combination Form: ryj

I have to check – the combination form may have to change. I suspect it’s really close to some other ones.

And how it’s said:

Lexember 2017 – Nyjichxn #2

Lexeme: nuɒβu
Gloss: wind, draft, breeze
Irregularity: Combo – Type 2 (formed from plural)
Combination Form: muβɯβ

Stress: IPA: Ŋyjichɯn phonetic:
Singular: nuɒβu nuɒβu ɱoɜ.ˈⱱɯ muoβɯ
Paucal: nuɒβɯɯβu nuɒβɯɯβu ɱoɜ.ˈⱱɯːʔ.ⱱʊ muoβɯɯβu
Plural: nuɒβuβu nuɒβuβu ɱoɜ.ˈⱱ.ⱱʊ muoβuβu

Listen:

And here’s how Ŋyjichɯn is said:

And the lexeme from yesterday:

Lexember 2017 – Nyjichxn #1

Yup, doing Lexember again this year. Yup, I’m behind. The plan is actually to do it for the two languages I’m working on, Ŋyjichɯn and Ie. I’ll have to get caught up on Ie later, but it’s easier because it doesn’t have all the alternation and crap that Ŋyjichɯn does.

Anyway, here’s my first lexeme for the month:

Lexeme: chyjɒovi
Gloss: ice, slush, freeze
Irregularity: Noun – Type 1 (no plural or paucal)
Stress: chyjɒovi
Phonetic (IPA / Ŋyjichɯn transliteration): ˈtʃi.dʒɑɜ.ˌvʏ / chyjɒovi

Nyjichun word of the day – joztiizz

joztiizz – wrong, evil, bad, sin, to do wrong, to do evil

Stress: joztiizz
Phonetic (IPA / Ŋyjichɯn transliteration): dʒɜz.ˈɾʏːs / jozriis
Combination Form: jozti

Notes: ‘To be evil’ uses manŋoss, but is rare. Generally actions or occasionally thoughts are described as evil or good, not people or things.

kamɒzmajoztinŋoszivi kɒzkatɯzivi mow
ka-mɒz-ma-jozti-nŋos-zivi (stem: manŋoss) kɒz-katɯ-zivi mow
NEG-2sg.SBJ-be-evil-be-IMP 2sg.SBJ.not.IMP 2sg.SBJ
Don’t be evil
Phonetic: jamosnajoztiŋnazifi chozify mol
IPA: ˈdʒa.ɱɜs.ˌna.dʒɜz.tʏŋ.ˈna.zʏ.fʏ ˈdʒɒ.tʃɜ.ˌdɯ.zʏ.fi ɱɜl

Lexember 21 – 25

These are words that’ll let me translate stuff that I have noted in my lexicon to translate, so it’s a bit random.

  • jaŋ – choose, decide, decision, choice. IPA: dʒaŋ
  • chɯnchɯŋ – to retell, to tell a story, to narrate; a story, tale, or narration. From chɯŋ, to speak or tell. IPA: tʃɯn.sɯŋ
  • fiβkii – to wear, a piece of clothing. IPA: fʏ.ˈdʒʏːʔ
  • zofijiylko – pants / shorts. From zoylko (butt, rear) + fiβkii
  • vyfijiru – shirt, vest. From: vyru (chest) + fiβkii

Lexember 6 – 20 (Body Parts)

Trying to catch up. These are all body parts. A couple are expansions of other meanings (I’m only including significant additions) and those have all the info. The rest I’m not taking the time to make the plurals and pronunciation and everything else.

  • liiwnɒ – spine or snake. related to lin, long and narrow
  • vooriy – attempt, try, test, sample, consider, taste, tongue. Irregular verb. Singular: vooriy (vɜːʔ.ɾɪi). Paucal: vooryyri (vɜːʔ.ɾɪi.ɾʏ). Plural: vooriyri (vɜːʔ.ɾiː.ⱱʏ)
  • βɯzz – lung, in, between, among, within, at. IPA: ⱱʊz
  • ryjior – joint, elbow, knee, ankle, wrist, bend, break in half, crack, damaged, a bruise or scratch
  • zyich – head, over, above, top
  • βɒɒn – skull, back of head, egg, round, curve. Ideophone.
  • touwju – head / face, specifically the front of the head, including the face, jaw, neck, and ears
  • ŋyr – ear, hear, twitch
  • viochli – shoulderblade, shovel (from the shape), lift, lever
  • tay – bone, branch
  • vuasyu – upper back, the shoulders as an unit
  • jytyu – lower back, belly, stomach
  • mɒɒnŋa – mouth, opening, cavern. Ideophone.
  • vɒrva – neck, throat, turn, swivel, rotate
  • satar – body

Lexember 5

I’m a bit behind, but I’ll catch up tomorrow or so. I’m trying to get the entries in my lexicon that are in progress finished so I can tell what I’m missing. There’s about sixty of them. Anyway, here’s a word derived from an entry I worked on today.

Lexeme: kymiirary
Gloss: to frighten, to scare, frightening, scary, scary things
Derivation: kyry (fear) + -miir- (to cause to affix)
Irregularity: Noun – Type 3 (all words derived from -miir- form plurals the same traditional way)
Combination Form: kimiβry

Noun

Stress: IPA: Ŋyjichɯn phonetic:
Singular: kymiirary kymiirary kɪ.ˈɱʏːʔ.ⱱɜ.ˌɾi kimii’βory
Paucal: kymiimirary kymiimirary kɪ.ˈɱɪːʔ.ɱɪ.ˌⱱa.ɾi kimii’miβary
Plural: kymimirary kymimirary ˈdʒi.ɱɪ.ˌɱɪ.ⱱɜ.ˌɾi jymimiβory

Lexember 3 & 4

I suppose I should give some quick background on my language. It’s called Ŋyjichɯn ( /ɱɪ.ˈdʒi.ʧɯŋ/ ) Because of its stress and alternation the pronunciation doesn’t match the spelling, although it’s predictable if a bit complicated. It’s a polysynthetic language with heavy noun incorporation, affixing, and reduplication. The default word order is SOV, but in practice the most important word is placed in front.

Now on with the lexemes:

Continue reading “Lexember 3 & 4”